Q: Who Gets Scoliosis?
In most cases, scoliosis occurs after the age of 10, but everyone has a chance to have scoliosis. And a child whose family has idiopathic scoliosis should be checked regularly because scoliosis can run in families.
Q: What Causes Scoliosis?
There is no explicit cause for scoliosis( also called idiopathic scoliosis). Before confirming that a person has scoliosis, the doctor looks for other possible causes, such as injury or infection. Causes of curves are classified as the follows:
Nonstructural (functional) scoliosis. A structurally normal spine appears curved. Nonstructural scoliosis is a temporary, changing curve and caused by a difference in leg length, muscle spasms, or inflammatory conditions and so on.
Structural scoliosis. Sometimes it is one part of a syndrome or disease, such as Marfan syndrome, an inherited connective tissue disorder. But it also can occur by itself. Some diseases and uncertain factors also can trigger structural scoliosis, such as neuromuscular diseases, birth defects, injury, certain infections,
Q: What factors determine treatment for scoliosis?
Patient age and gender
Degree of curvature and curve worsening
Location of curve in the spine
Status of menses/puberty
Q: How Is Scoliosis Diagnosed?
Doctors diagnose scoliosis by:
Patients’ Medical history. The doctor will talk to the patient and her/his families and reviews the patient’s medical records to identify the cause Physical examination. The doctor will do the physical examination, such as check the patient’s back, chest, pelvis, legs, feet, and skin.
X-ray evaluation. The doctor confirms the diagnosis of scoliosis by measuring the curve displayed on the x-ray image.